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2020年成人高考学位英语阅读理解练习(一)

2020-09-20 来源:成教网 分类: 专升本
143 作者:苏聪

[导读] Some psychologists(心理学家) maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed in the brain alone, but that ones muscles also participate.It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen t

  Some psychologists(心理学家) maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed in the brain alone, but that one's muscles also participate.It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies.

  You surely arenot surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only with your ears but with your.whole body.Few people can listen to music without moving their body or, more specifically,some part of their body.Often when one listens to a symphonic concert on the radio, he is attracted to direct the orchestra (乐队) even though he knows there is a good conductor on the job.

  Strange as this behavior may be, there is a very good reason for it.One cannot derive all possible enjoyment from music unless he participates, so to speak, in its performance.The listener"feels" himself into the music with more or less noticeable motions of his body.

  The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same way,but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable.

  21.Some psychologists think that thinking is__________.

  A.not a mental process

  B.more of a physical process than a mental action

  C.a process that involves our entire bodies

  D.a process that involves the muscles as well as the brain

  答案:D

  解析:事实细节题。一段一句提到一些心理学家认为精神活动如思考不仅是大脑的活动,而且肌肉也参与其中,所以选D。

  22.The process of thinking and that of listening to music are similar in that __________.

  A.both are mental acts

  B.muscles participate in both processes

  C.both processes are performed by the entire body

  D.we derive equal enjoyment from them

  答案:B

  事实细节题。一段后一句提到我们用肌肉思考与用身体听音乐在某种程度上是一样的,所以选B。

  23.Few people are able to listen to familiar music without __________.

  A.moving some part of their body

  B.stopping what they are doing to listen

  C.directing the orchestra p!aying it

  D.wishing that they could conduct music propesly

  答案:A

  事实细节题。二段中提到很少有人听音乐时不扭动自己的身体,所以选A。

  24.The listener's way oF“feeling" the music is __________.

  A.the unnoticed motion of his muscles

  B."participating" in the performance

  C.bending an ear to the music

  D.being the conductor of the orchestra

  答案:B

  推理判断题。三段二句提到如果一个人不参与到音乐中,也就是音乐演奏中,那他就无法从音乐中获得所有的乐趣。

  25.According to the passage, muscle participation in the process of thinking is __________.

  A.deliberate

  B.apparent

  C.indistinct

  D.impressive

  答案:C

  事实细节题。文章后一句提到肌肉以同样的方式参与了思考的过程,但并不是十分明显,因为它不是很容易被注意到。distinct“明显的,显著的”,前缀in表示否定。indistinct“不明显的,不显著的”。

  以上就是驰宇小编为大家做出的详细解答,希望能对广大成考考生有所帮助!

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